Frequently Asked Questions About 911 Services
Choosing an E911 provider can be confusing. Offerings that sound similar can be significantly different beneath the surface, and choosing a service that doesn’t map to your specific needs can have serious consequences, both for your business and your customers.
There are a lot of concepts and acronyms that are hard to digest while also trying to sort through the details associated with the underlying technology, billing procedures, and contract options.
The first challenge to understanding if a 911 or E911 service fits your business is to know which questions to ask providers. We’ll let you know where we stand as well.
What is a VoIP Provisioning Center (VPC) and does yours meet regulatory requirements?
A VPC maintains connections to the databases used by Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs) to obtain location information and properly route 911 calls.
Bandwidth is a VPC and one of only three Tier 1 VPCs in the U.S. Many service providers rely on our VPC expertise to support 911 for millions of end-user subscribers. We are the only VPC able to support your wholesale and voice at the same time. In addition, we offer 100% PSAP Coverage with 98% of calls each month to Enhanced PSAPs.
How do I manage my VoIP E911 operations?
Look for self-service features, such as a dashboard, that lets you provision, report, and open support tickets at your convenience. You should also seek a full suite of tools that give you visibility into things like registered addresses, unprovisioned 911 endpoints, and emergency call detail records (CDRs), etc.
Step 1: The first of our four main components is the Bandwidth Dashboard, delivering all provisioning and reporting functionality in an easy-to-use interface. A single interface allows customers to manage both their 911 service and their telephone number inventory, to dramatically simplify our customers’ operations. This portal-based solution is exclusively available from Bandwidth.
Step 2: Second is our nationwide all-IP voice network, one of the biggest in the country. Bandwidth operates a facilities-based CLEC subsidiary in 48 states, covering over 8,800 rate centers. While a few wholesale VoIP providers offer nationwide rate center coverage, Bandwidth is one of the few that operates as a VPC to meet your 911 needs and offers wholesale VoIP services.
Step 3: The third component is our call routing capabilities. Hosted in data centers in Dallas and Marietta, Georgia, our call routing systems route tens of thousands of emergency calls per month, backed by our 24 x 7 x 365 Network Operations Center (NOC), Customer Experience Team, and technical support to complete our turnkey managed service. You will not find this combination of technical expertise and dedication to customer support elsewhere.
Step 4: The fourth component is our ability to provide customers a branded website for end users to modify their location information electronically without the need to develop to the API. This too is exclusively available from Bandwidth.
How does your VoIP E911 solution validate addresses?
Find out how several locations can be associated with a single IP-enabled nomadic device. People go many places throughout the day, like home, work, their kids’ schools, the gym, etc. Emergencies can happen at the blink of an eye, so it’s pertinent to be able to give your customers as many options as possible. It is also important that customers be able to update their own records in your 911 system; people may move or change jobs, and placing a service call to update their information can easily become an inconvenience.
We start with your submitted civic/postal addresses, which we then geo-code to assign an X/Y coordinate for each record, providing confirmation upon successful validation. We then store the geo-coded address in the master street address guide (MSAG) compliant format for the jurisdiction in question. Each telephone number’s address is then immediately available to respond to PSAP queries. Bandwidth subscribes to the most current geo-code databases available, in addition to working with all of the 911 authorities to obtain MSAG and GIS files. Our dedicated support team in turn ensures timely updates to the validation engine. With us, the entire process takes minutes instead of the days or potentially weeks from competing providers.
What is the average error rate?
Look for the highest success rate available; your provider should follow NENA I2 guidelines, plus any specific guidelines required by a given 911 authority. Currently the civic/postal/ MSAG address is the norm.
Bandwidth customers enjoy an average success rate of 98% on initial submission, achieved by our validation engine as well as the enhanced functionality of providing alternative address matches to a specific customer’s records at the time of submission. We strive to eliminate the costly and time consuming back and forth associated with legacy static solutions.
What happens when a No Records Found (NRF) alert is triggered?
When a record is submitted, you’ll receive an alert if no matching record is found. For instance, if a customer transposes the numbers on a street address and the result is an address that doesn’t exist, an NRF alert will be sent. When this happens your provider should notify not only you, but also any other carriers involved; those carriers will have 48 hours to confirm the address or release the record back to the customer for an update. In the event that the carrier doesn’t do this, your provider should promptly return the record to the customer for validation.
We notify customers of NRF alerts upon submission of a record. Simultaneously, we notify the other carrier that an attempt to update the address has been made. If we don’t receive a response from the carrier of record we’ll then release it to the customer to validate.
What Quality of Service mechanisms are in place for VoIP 911 calls?
Your provider’s Quality of Service (QoS) should support the RTP streams and meet or exceed the ITU-T-P.830 mean opinion score standard ratings of 4.0 or higher. All those acronyms just mean that your calls will be of high quality. Ask your provider if they measure delay, packet loss, and jitter, and if their VPC uses dedicated voice infrastructure elements (the answer to all of those should be yes).
Bandwidth’s QoS supports the RTP streams and meets or exceeds the ITU T-P.830 mean opinion score. For the audio or RTP stream some of these measurements include delay, packet loss, and jitter. The Bandwidth VPC VoIP 911 Network uses dedicated voice infrastructure elements. We constantly monitor all aspects of our network and trigger alerts and alarms whenever usage is nearing specified thresholds.
How is your VoIP traffic kept secure?
Dynamic routing improves the safety of your end users by choosing routes based on real-time location updates, as opposed to manually updated pre-programmed locations.
Bandwidth uses dynamic call routing in its 911 solution. Our dynamic routing utilizes the most current PSAP boundaries and caller location information to ensure accuracy.
Do you offer dynamic location routing?
With the proliferation of mobile phones, especially as the primary phone of your customers, how your provider answers the question is critical. Dynamic Location Routing allows for pin-point accurate location information to be shared that doesn’t rely on the listed location of the phone.
Our sophisticated 911 technology utilizes Presence Information Data Format-Location Object (PIDF-LO) to provide accurate location information in an emergency before the call is answered by dispatchers.
Can you deliver to any PSAP capable of E911?
A provider should be able to offer a variety of PSAP connectivity options to maximize E911 availability. Good 911 providers will have a process for working with the PSAP to ensure service is available when you need it.
Your provider should be able to deliver calls to PSAPs in all the regions where you have end users. Good 911 providers will have a process in place for testing with the PSAP when you turn your service up.
At Bandwidth we cover 100% of the US, Canada, and Puerto Rico with 911.
What are your capital costs to implement a 911 solution?
Upgrading infrastructure to support 911 should not require costly hardware-based capital investments or the operational headache of forklift upgrades. If that were the case, every expansion of service will impact the quality and reliability of your customers’ 911 calls.
At Bandwidth we are able to provide 911 call routing to your end users quickly and painlessly, using software-based IP technology that leverages the existing infrastructure.
Do you offer automatic location information (ALI) database management services?
The provider should be able to check, modify, reformat, and insert records into all ALI databases nationwide for local exchange carriers to meet 911 requirements for their traditional wireline subscribers.
Yes, Bandwidth offers all of those services to ensure local exchange carriers meet all of the 911 requirements.
What is your roadmap for Next Gen 911?
The national 911 system is 30 years old and is not suitable to meet the needs of today’s population. As more users access 911 through mobile devices and as first responders demand the benefits of receiving images, video, and audio, providers should be ready to deploy NG911 and National Emergency Number Association (NENA) standards.
Bandwidth is a leader in NG911. Because our routing system is NG911 ready and consistent with NENA standards, we are able to interface directly to NG911 systems as they are deployed around the country.
Ready to talk about your 911 service?
Providing 911 doesn’t have to be complicated. Let us show you how working with Bandwidth to provide 911 access to your customers can be better. Contact a Bandwidth expert today to learn how we can make worrying about 911 a thing of the past.